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Mat for hjertet – forskning – referanser

KATEGORI: Fett, Proteiner, Karbohydrater, Kosthold, Livsstil og helse

Dette er listen med referanser til forskning omtalt i boken til Fedon Lindberg Mat for hjertet, Cappelen Damm 2018.

Antioksidanter og hjerte- og karsykdom

Ye Z, Song H. Antioxidant vitamins intake and the risk of coronary heart

disease: meta-analysis of cohort studies. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2008 Feb;15(1):26-34. doi: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e3282f11f95. PubMed PMID: 18277182

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=18277182

 

Blodkolesterol og blodfettstoffer og hjerte- og karsykdom

Colpo A. The Great Cholesterol Con: Why everything you’ve been told about cholesterol, diet, and heart disease is wrong! (Anthony Colpo 2012). ISBN 978-1-4710-4838-8

Cook NR, Paynter NP, Manson JE, et al. Clinical Utility of Lp-PLA2 for Cardiovascular Disease Prediction in a Multiethnic Cohort of Women. Clinical chemistry. 2012;58(9):1352-1363. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2012.188870.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22859728

Deinberg D. The Cholesterol Wars: The Skeptics vs. the Preponderance of the Evidence (Academic Press, 2007).
Faghihnia N, Tsimikas S, Miller ER, Witztum JL, Krauss RM. Changes in lipoprotein(a), oxidized phospholipids, and LDL subclasses with a low-fat high-carbohydrate diet. J Lipid Res. 2010 Nov;51(11):3324–3330.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20713651

Gao S, Liu J. Association between circulating oxidized low-density lipoprotein and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine. 2017;3(2):89-94. doi:10.1016/j.cdtm.2017.02.008.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29063061

Gao S, Zhao D, Qi Y, Wang W, Wang M, Sun J, Liu J, Li Y, Liu J. Circulating Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Levels Independently Predict 10-Year Progression of Subclinical Carotid Atherosclerosis: A Community-Based Cohort Study. J Atheroscler Thromb. 2018 Mar 7. doi: 10.5551/jat.43299. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29515051.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=29515051

Gisle Langslet, Åsmund Reikvam. Kan økning av HDL-kolesterolnivået forebygge hjerte- og karsykdom? Tidsskr Nor Legeforen 2008; 128: 1519-23
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18587459

Harchaoui, K.E.L et al. Triglycerides and Cardiovascular Risk. Current Cardiology Reviews 5.3 (2009): 216–222. PMC. Web. 26 July 2018.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20676280

Hokanson JE, Austin MA. Plasma triglyceride is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease independent of high density lipoprotein cholesterol: a meta-analysis of population based prospective studies. J Cardiovasc Res. 1996;3:213–19.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20676280

Holvoet P. Oxidized LDL and coronary heart disease. Acta Cardiol. 2004 Oct;59(5):479-84. Review. PubMed PMID: 15529550.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=15529550

Jenny NS, Solomon C, Cushman M, et al. Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Older Adults: Results from the Cardiovascular Health Study. Atherosclerosis. 2010;209(2):528-532. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.09.021.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19804884

Lamarche B, Tchernof A, Moorjani S, Cantin B, Dagenais GR, Lupien PJ, et al. Small, dense low-density lipoprotein particles as a predictor of the risk of ischemic heart disease in men. Prospective results from the Québec Cardiovascular Study. Circulation. 1997 Jan 7;95(1):69–75.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8994419

Malcom K. Det store kolesterolbedraget: hva gir deg egentlig hjerte- og karsykdom, og hvordan unngår du det? Oslo: Lille Måne 2008.

Ravnskov U. Hur kolesterolmyten hålls vid liv. Sundbyberg: Optimal Förlag 2010.

 

Fett og hjerte- og karsykdom

Margioris AN. Fatty acids and postprandial inflammation. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2009 Mar;12(2):129–37. Review.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19202384

Mensink RP, Zock PL, Kester AD et al. Effects of dietary fatty acids and carbohydrates on the ratio of serum total to HDL cholesterol and on serum lipids and apolipoproteins: a meta-analysis of 60 controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 77: 1146–55.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12716665

Mozaffarian D, Rimm EB, Herrington DM. Dietary fats, carbohydrate, andprogression of coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Nov;80(5):1175-84. Erratum in: Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jan;81(1):199. PubMedPMID: 15531663.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15531663

Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM. Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Mar 1;91(3):535–546.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20071648

Skeaff CM, Miller J. Dietary fat and coronary heart disease: summary of evidence from prospective cohort and randomised controlled trials. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 2009;55(1–3):173–201.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19752542

De Souza RJ, Mente A, Maroleanu A, Cozma AI, Ha V, Kishibe T, Uleryk E,Budylowski P, Schünemann H, Beyene J, Anand SS. Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease,  and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. BMJ. 2015 Aug 11;351:h3978. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h3978. Review. PubMed PMID: 26268692; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4532752.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26268692

Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE et al. Intake of trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease among women. Lancet 1993; 341:581–5.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8094827

 

Homocystein og hjerte- og karsykdom

Alfthan G, Aro A, Gey KF. Plasma homocysteine and cardiovascular disease mortality. Lancet 1997; 349: 397.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9033468

Boushey CJ, Beresford SA, Omenn GS, Motulsky AG. A quantitative assessment of plasma homocysteine as a risk factor for vascular disease. Probable benefits of increasing folic acid intakes. JAMA  1995;274:1049–57.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7563456

Espositio F. et al. (2003) Moderate coffee consumption increases plasma glutathione but not homocysteine in healthy subjects. Aliment Pharmacol Therapy, 17:595-601.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12622769

Grubben M.J. et al. (2000) Unfiltered coffee increases plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy volunteers: a randomized trial. AJCN, 71:448-484.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10648261

Refsum H, Ueland PM, Nygard O, Vollset SE. Homocysteine and cardiovascular disease. Annu Rev Med  1998;49:31–62.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9509248

Urgert R.A. et al. (2000) Heavy coffee consumption and plasma homocysteine: a randomized controlled trial in healthy volunteers. AJCN, 72:1107-1110.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11063436

Inflammasjon og hjerte- og karsykdom

Lopez-Candales A, Hernández Burgos PM, Hernandez-Suarez DF, Harris D. Linking Chronic Inflammation with Cardiovascular Disease: From Normal Aging to the Metabolic Syndrome. Journal of nature and science. 2017;3(4):e341.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28670620

Welsh P, Grassia G, Botha S, Sattar N, Maffia P. Targeting inflammation to reduce cardiovascular disease risk: a realistic clinical prospect? British Journal of Pharmacology. 2017;174(22):3898-3913. doi:10.1111/bph.13818
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28409825

 

Insulinresistens og hjerte- og karsykdom

Gast KB, Tjeerdema N, Stijnen T, Smit JWA, Dekkers OM. Insulin Resistance and Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Events in Adults without Diabetes: Meta-Analysis. Hernandez AV, ed. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(12):e52036. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052036.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23300589

Zhou M-S, Wang A, Yu H. Link between insulin resistance and hypertension: What is the evidence from evolutionary biology? Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome. 2014;6:12. doi:10.1186/1758-5996-6-12.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24485020

 

Lavglykemisk og lavkarbo kost og hjerte- og karsykdom

Fan J, Song Y, Wang Y, Hui R, Zhang W. Dietary Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Stroke Mortality: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Ning Y, ed. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(12):e52182. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052182.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23284926

Fung TT, van Dam RM, Hankinson SE, Stampfer M, Willett WC, Hu FB. Low-carbohydrate diets and all-cause and cause-specific mortality: two cohort studies. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Sep 7;153(5):289–98
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20820038

Hu T, Bazzano LA. The low-carbohydrate diet and cardiovascular risk factors: Evidence from epidemiologic studies. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD. 2014;24(4):337-343. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2013.12.008.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24613757

Hu T, Mills KT, Yao L, et al. Effects of Low-Carbohydrate Diets Versus Low-Fat Diets on Metabolic Risk Factors: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2012;176(Suppl 7):S44-S54. doi:10.1093/aje/kws264.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23035144

Mirrahimi A, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, et al. Associations of Glycemic Index and Load With Coronary Heart Disease Events: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohorts. Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease. 2012;1(5):e000752. doi:10.1161/JAHA.112.000752.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23316283

Krauss RM, Blanche PJ, Rawlings RS, Fernstrom HS, Williams PT. Separate effects of reduced carbohydrate intake and weight loss on atherogenic dyslipidemia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 May 1;83(5):1025–31; quiz 1205.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16685042

Nordmann AJ, Nordmann A, Briel M, Keller U, Yancy WS, Brehm BJ, et al. Effects of low-carbohydrate vs low-fat diets on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13;166(3):285–293.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16476868

Sharman MJ, Kraemer WJ, Love DM, Avery NG, Gómez AL, Scheett TP, et al. A ketogenic diet favorably affects serum biomarkers for cardiovascular disease in normal-weight men. J Nutr. 2002 Jul 1;132(7):1879–1885.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12097663

Sharman MJ, Kraemer WJ, Love DM, Avery NG, Gómez AL, Scheett TP, et al. A ketogenic diet favorably affects serum biomarkers for cardiovascular disease in normal-weight men. J Nutr. 2002 Jul 1;132(7):1879–1885.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12097663

Volek JS, Fernandez ML, Feinman RD, Phinney SD. Dietary carbohydrate restriction induces a unique metabolic state positively affecting atherogenic dyslipidemia, fatty acid partitioning, and metabolic syndrome. Prog. Lipid Res. 2008 Sep;47(5):307–318.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18396172

Volek JS, Sharman MJ, Forsythe CE. Modification of lipoproteins by very low-carbohydrate diets. J Nutr. 2005 Jun 1;135(6):1339–1342.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15930434

Bräuner EV, et al. Indoor Particles Affect Vascular Function in the Aged. An Air Filtration–based Intervention Study. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. Febr 15, 2008 vol. 177 no. 4 419–425
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17932377

Zhao L, Liang H-R, Chen F-Y, Chen Z, Guan W-J, Li J-H. Association between air pollution and cardiovascular mortality in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Oncotarget. 2017;8(39):66438-66448. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.20090.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29029525

 

Mat- og drikkevarer og hjerte- og karsykdom

Allouche Y, et al. How Heating Affects Extra Virgin Olive Oil Quality Indexes and Chemical Composition. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2007 55 (23), 9646-9654 DOI: 10.1021/jf070628u.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17935291

Andersen Malin. Rapsolje og linolje tilsatt i kyllingfôr ga forbedret kyllingkjøtt. Inntak av dette kjøttet endret ikke nivå av triglyserid, kolesterol, c-reaktivt protein i blodlipider eller blodtrykk hos menneske. NMBU. https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/186145/Masteroppgave%20Malin%20A.%2011%20mai.pdf?sequence=1

Arnaoutis, G. et al. The effect of hypohydration on endothelial function in young healthy adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 2016;
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26864199

Buijsse B, Weikert C, Drogan D, Bergmann M, Boeing H. Chocolate consumption in relation to blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular disease in German adults. Eur Heart J. 2010 Jul;31(13):1616-23. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehq068. Epub 2010 Mar 30. PubMed PMID: 20354055.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20354055

Di Castelnuovo A, Rotondo S, Iacoviello L, Donati MB, De Gaetano G. Meta-analysis of wine and beer consumption in relation to vascular risk. Circulation. 2002 Jun 18;105(24):2836-44. PubMed PMID: 12070110.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12070110

Ding M, Bhupathiraju SN, Satija A, van Dam RM, Hu FB. Long-Term Coffee Consumption and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and a Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Circulation. 2014;129(6):643-659. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.005925.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24201300

Djoussé L, Akinkuolie AO, Wu JHY, Ding EL, Gaziano JM. Fish consumption, omega-3 fatty acids and risk of heart failure: a meta-analysis. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland). 2012;31(6):846-853. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2012.05.010.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22682084

Djoussé L, Lee I-M, Buring JE, Gaziano JM. Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in Women: Potential Mediating Mechanisms. Circulation. 2009;120(3):237-244. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.832360.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19597054

Genser B, Silbernagel G, De Backer G, et al. Plant sterols and cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Heart Journal. 2012;33(4):444-451. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehr441.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22334625

Ha V., Sievenpiper J.L., de Souza R.J., et al 2014. Effect of dietary pulse intake on established therapeutic lipid targets for cardiovascular risk reduction: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of randomized controlled trials. CMAJ 186: E252–E262. [PubMed]
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24710915

Huang C, Zhan J, Liu YJ, Li DJ, Wang SQ, He QQ. Association between alcoholconsumption and risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality inpatients with hypertension: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Mayo Clin Proc. 2014 Sep;89(9):1201-10. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.05.014. Epub 2014 Aug 1. PubMed PMID: 25091872.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25091872

Jayalath V.H., de Souza R.J., Sievenpiper J.L., et al 2014. Effect of dietary pulses on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of controlled feeding trials. Am. J. Hypertens. 27: 56–64. [PubMed]
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24014659

Jayedi A, Shab-Bidar S, Eimeri S, Djafarian K. Fish consumption and risk ofall-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis ofprospective observational studies. Public Health Nutr. 2018 May;21(7):1297-1306. doi: 10.1017/S1368980017003834. Epub 2018 Jan 10. PubMed PMID: 29317009.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29317009
Köhler J, Teupser D, Elsässer A, Weingärtner O. Plant sterol enrichedfunctional food and atherosclerosis. Br J Pharmacol. 2017 Jun;174(11):1281-1289. doi: 10.1111/bph.13764. Epub 2017 Apr 5. Review. PubMed PMID: 28253422; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5429322.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28253422  Lippi G, Franchini M, Favaloro EJ, Targher G. Moderate red wine consumption and cardiovascular disease risk: beyond the «French paradox». Semin Thromb Hemost. 2010 Feb;36(1):59-70. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1248725. Epub 2010 Apr 13. Review. PubMed PMID: 20391297.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20391297
Mente et al. A systematic review of the evidence supporting a causal link between dietary factors and coronary heart disease. Arch Intern. Med. 2009; 169(7):659–669.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19364995

Press RI, Geller J, Evans GW. The effect of chromium picolinate on serum cholesterol and apolipoprotein fractions in human subjects. Western Journal of Medicine. 1990;152(1):41-45.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2408233

Rhee JJ, Kim E, Buring JE, Kurth T. Fish Consumption, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. American journal of preventive medicine. 2017;52(1):10-19. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2016.07.020.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27646568

Roerecke M, Rehm J. Chronic heavy drinking and ischaemic heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart 2014;1:e000135. doi: 10.1136/openhrt-2014-000135
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25567363

Viguiliouk E, Blanco Mejia S, Kendall CWC, Sievenpiper JL. Can pulses play a role in improving cardiometabolic health? Evidence from systematic reviews and meta‐analyses. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2017;1392(1):43-57. doi:10.1111/nyas.13312.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28253436

Xu L, et al. Egg consumption and the risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study and meta-analyses. Eur J Nutr. 2018 Apr 21. doi: 10.1007/s00394-018-1692-3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29680985.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29680985

Yuan S, Li X, Jin Y, Lu J. Chocolate Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies. Nutrients. 2017;9(7):688. doi:10.3390/nu9070688.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28671591  Zhang C, Qin YY, Wei X, Yu FF, Zhou YH, He J. Tea consumption and risk ofcardiovascular outcomes and total mortality: a systematic review andmeta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Eur J Epidemiol. 2015Feb;30(2):103-13. doi: 10.1007/s10654-014-9960-x. Epub 2014 Oct 30. Review.PubMed PMID: 25354990.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25354990

 

Meieriprodukter og hjerte- og karsykdom

Aune D, Norat T, Romundstad P, Vatten LJ. Dairy products and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Oct;98(4):1066-83. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.059030. Epub 2013 Aug 14. Review. PubMed PMID: 23945722.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23945722

Biong AS, Thelle DS, Pedersen JI et al. Intake of milk fat, reflected in adipose tissue fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction: a case-control study. Eur J Clin Nutr 2006; 60: 236–44.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16267503

Guo J, et al. Milk and dairy consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality: dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017 Apr;32(4):269-287. doi: 10.1007/s10654-017-0243-1. Epub 2017 Apr 3. PubMed PMID: 28374228; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5437143.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28374228

Haug A. Christophersen OA, Høstmark  AT, Harstad OM. Melk og helse. Tidsskr Nor Legeforen 2007; 127:2542–5
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17925824

Kolling GJ, et al. Performance and methane emissions  in dairy cows fed oregano and green tea extracts as feed additives. J Dairy Sci. 2018 May;101(5):4221-4234. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13841. Epub 2018 Feb 21. PubMed PMID: 29477520.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29477520

Larsson SC, Bergkvist L, Wolk A. High-fat dairy food and conjugated linoleic acid intakes in relation to colorectal cancer incidence in the Swedish Mammography Cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 2005; 82: 894 – 900.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16210722

Ness AR, Smith GD, Hart C. Milk, coronary heart disease and mortality. J Epidemiol Community Health 2000; 55: 379–82.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11350992

Peou S, Milliard-Hasting B, Shah SA. Impact of avocado-enriched diets on plasma lipoproteins: A meta-analysis. J Clin Lipidol. 2016 Jan-Feb;10(1):161-71.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26892133

Relja A, Miljković A, Gelemanović A, et al. Nut Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Mediterranean Population. Nutrients. 2017;9(12):1296. doi:10.3390/nu9121296.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29182576

Sjögren P, Rosell M, Skoglund-Andersson C et al. Milk-derived fatty acids are associated with a more favorable LDL particle size distribution in healthy men. J Nutr 2004; 134: 1729–35.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15226461

Smedman AE, Gustafsson IB, Berglund LG et al. Pentadecanoic acid in serum as a marker for intake of milk fat: relations between intake of milk fat and metabolic risk factors. Am J Clin Nutr 1999; 69: 22–9.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9925119

Stene O, Thuen E, Haug A et al. Innhold av konjugert linolsyre (CLA) i mjølk fra kyr i to ulike produksjonssystemer. Husdyrforsøksmøtet, 2002. www.umb.no/20169  (6.4.2006).

Warensjö E, Jansson JH, Berglund L et al. Estimated intake of milk fat is negatively associated with cardiovascular risk factors and does not increase the risk of a first acute myocardial infarction. A prospective case-control study. Br J Nutr 2004;91:635–42.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15035691

Zhou D, Yu H, He F, Reilly KH, Zhang J, Li S, Zhang T, Wang B, Ding Y, Xi B. Nut consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease risk and type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Jul;100(1):270-7. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.079152. Epub 2014 May 7. Review. PubMed PMID: 24808491.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24808491

Aarhus University. «Oregano may reduce methane in cow burps.» ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 February 2016. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160208112559.htm

 

Middelhavskost og hjerte- og karsykdom

Barona J, Jones JJ, Kopec RE, Comperatore M, Andersen C, Schwartz SJ, Lerman RH, Fernandez ML. A Mediterranean-style low-glycemic-load diet increases plasma carotenoids and decreases LDL oxidation in women with metabolic syndrome. J Nutr Biochem. 2011 Jul 19.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21775117

Jones JL, Comperatore M, Barona J, Calle MC, Andersen C, McIntosh M, Najm W, Lerman RH, Fernandez ML. A Mediterranean-style, low-glycemic-load diet decreases atherogenic lipoproteins and reduces lipoprotein (a) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein in women with metabolic syndrome. Metabolism. 2012 Mar;61(3):366–72. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

Jones JL, Fernandez ML, McIntosh MS, Najm W, Calle MC, Kalynych C, Vukich C, Barona J, Ackermann D, Kim JE, Kumar V, Lott M, Volek JS, Lerman RH. A Mediterranean-style low-glycemic-load diet improves variables of metabolic syndrome in women, and addition of a phytochemical-rich medical food enhances benefits on lipoprotein metabolism. J Clin Lipidol. 2011 May–Jun;5(3):188–96. Epub 2011 Mar 11.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21600524

Kastorini CM, Milionis HJ, Esposito K, Giugliano D, Goudevenos JA,

Panagiotakos DB. The effect of Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome and its components: a meta-analysis of 50 studies and 534,906 individuals. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Mar 15;57(11):1299–313.

Kastorini CM, Milionis HJ, Goudevenos JA, Panagiotakos DB. Mediterranean diet and coronary heart disease: is obesity a link? – A systematic review. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2010 Sep;20(7):536–51.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20708148

Lerman RH, Minich DM, Darland G, Lamb JJ, Schiltz B, Babish JG, Bland JS, Tripp ML. Enhancement of a modified Mediterranean-style, low glycemic load diet with specific phytochemicals improves cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with metabolic syndrome and hypercholesterolemia in a randomized trial. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2008 Nov 4;5:2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18983673

Mente A, de Koning L, Shannon HS, Anand SS. A systematic review of the evidence supporting a causal link between dietary factors and coronary heart disease. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Apr 13;169(7):659–69. Review.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19364995

Nilsson PM. Mediterranean diet protects the heart. A new systemic review

supports the diet recommendations. Läkartidningen. 2009 Aug 5–18;106(32–33):1959.

Nordmann A. Mediterranean or low-fat diets to reduce cardiovascular risk? Praxis (Bern 1994). 2011 Oct 19;100(21):1283–8.
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Miljøgifter og hjerte- og karsykdom

Aneni EC, Escolar E, Lamas GA. Chronic Toxic Metal Exposure and Cardiovascular Disease: Mechanisms of Risk and Emerging Role of Chelation Therapy. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2016 Dec;18(12):81. Review. PubMed PMID: 27822681.
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Olivenolje og hjerte- og karsykdom

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Salt (natrium/sodium) og kalium (potassium) og hjerte- og karsykdom

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Stoffskiftehormoner og hjerte- og karsykdom

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Søvn og hjerte- og karsykdom

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Tarmflora og hjerte- og karsykdom

Ebel B, Lemetais G, Beney L, Cachon R, Sokol H, Langella P, Gervais P. Impact of probiotics on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. A review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2014;54(2):175-89. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2011.579361. Review. PubMed PMID: 24188267.
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Vitamin D og hjerte- og karsykdom

Ford JA, MacLennan GS, Avenell A, Bolland M, Grey A, Witham M; RECORD TrialGroup. Cardiovascular disease and vitamin D supplementation: trial analysis,systematic review, and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Sep;100(3):746-55.doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.082602. Epub 2014 Jul 23. PubMed PMID: 25057156.
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